When you begin to experience moisture in your home's basement with damp basement walls, pooling water on your floors, wet flooring, or a musty mold odor in your basement, you should correct the problem as soon as possible, as mold and mildew growth in your home has serious health effects. Here are two methods to help you correct the problem that is causing your wet basement.
Install An Interior Drain System
You can stop basement moisture problems by installing a drainage system with a sump pump in your basement concrete floor. This requires you to tear out a section of the concrete flooring, but it will prevent future flooding from occurring in your basement and causing damage to appliances, carpeting, and furniture. It is best to install the drain pipe around the exterior of your basement floor, as moisture usually comes into your basement from the foundation slab and the walls.
Use a concrete saw to cut a 12-inch section of concrete around the walls in your basement, and then use a jackhammer or sledgehammer to break up and remove the length of concrete. Remove the concrete and excavate down into the soil below your home's foundation to a depth of twelve inches. Dig a well at one end of your trench to a depth to accommodate the height of your sump pump tank. The top of the sump pump well should sit level with your basement floor.
Cover the base of the trench with two inches of dust-free gravel and lay landscape fabric over the gravel. The clean gravel and landscape fabric will prevent dust and dirt from filling and clogging your drain pipe. Set the perforated drainage pipe onto the fabric-covered layer of gravel, using elbow-connections and PVC glue to construct the pipe to fit within the trench around your basement floor. Make sure one end of the pipe connects to your sump pump within the trench. The sump pump needs to be set in a layer of gravel within the hole.
Wrap the pipe with the landscape fabric. Cover the pipe with more gravel to fill the trench up to the base of the concrete floor. Last, cover the gravel with a new layer of concrete to match the surrounding concrete basement floor.
Water being pumped from your basement will exit the sump pump via a discharge pipe to a place outside your home. It is important to drain the discharge pipe away from your home's foundation so the water does not seep back into your basement.
Install Exterior Drain Tile
When you have moisture entering your basement from exterior sources, such as excess ground water, a high water table, or nearby bodies of water, it can be beneficial to collect and divert the water before it enters your basement. This uses an exterior drain tile installed around the outside of your home's foundation.
Excavate the trench 12 inches deep and 18 to 24 inches wide around the exterior of your home's foundation. Keep the excess soil to use in grading the soil around your home's foundation when you have completed this project. Later, you can use the soil to create a slope around your home of at least six inches over the first ten feet away from your home, which will further help water drain away from your home.
Lay landscape fabric on the bottom and sides of the trench and pour 2 to 3 inches of gravel over the bottom of the trench. Set the drainage pipe on the gravel, covering the pipe with additional gravel to reach to three inches below the surface of the soil. The drain tile should have a daylight exit or a pipe leading to an underground well to drain and collect the excess water. Wrap the landscape fabric over the top of the gravel and cover the top with soil so you can replace any missing landscaping.
Use either of these two methods for helping to remedy your basement moisture problems. Or if you are planning on building a basement and want to install these waterproofing systems to begin with, contact a contractor or visit websites like http://www.hanoverconcrete.com/.
Do you love the look of old stone walls and dream of one day having that look around your home? I was amazed at how my contractor transformed my boring block wall into a real work of art. The contractor used a combination of tools, stamps and stains to finish the concrete and create a spectacular looking stone wall. If this is something you want around your home, take a few minutes to browse through my blog. You will learn about the techniques, materials and styles that you have to choose from to finish just about any concrete surface around your home.